There are tremendous benefits to be achieved through regular massage therapy treatments from a Registered Massage Therapist.  Whether your need is to have a moment of relaxation, reduce muscle tension or attain relief from chronic pain, a therapeutic massage can enhance your overall sense of emotional and physical well-being as well as your quality of life.

Massage therapy benefits people of all ages.  While it benefits the injured, the ill and the stressed, the strength of massage therapy in preventing illness and conditions before they develop cannot be overlooked.  Massage therapy can be used in the treatment of both acute and chronic stages of conditions.

The following is a list of conditions for which massage therapy, when provided by a Registered Massage Therapist, can prove beneficial:

Anxiety and depression Asthma and Emphysema
Back, leg, and neck pain Cancer
Carpal tunnel syndrome (repetitive strain) Chronic Fatigue syndrome
Dislocations Fibromyalgia
Fractures and edema Gastrointestinal disorders
Headaches Inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and bursitis
Insomnia Kyphosis and Scoliosis
Multiple sclerosis Parkinson’s disease
Muscle tension and spasm Palliative care
Post-surgical rehabilitation Pregnancy and labour support
Sports injuries Strains and sprains
Stress and stress related conditions Stroke
Tendinitis Whiplash

Massage Therapy as Part of your Health Maintenance Plan

Therapeutic massage is an important part of your health maintenance plan, by:

  • Reducing or eliminating pain
  • Improving joint mobility
  • Improving circulation
  • Improving immune system functioning
  • Increasing lymphatic drainage
  • Reducing depression and anxiety
  • Reducing tension within muscles
  • Increasing body awareness

Massage therapy benefits people of all ages. While it benefits the injured, the ill and the stressed, the real strength of massage therapy lies in prevention.

Contact us now and see how our professional Massage Therapists can improve your ability to excel in your day to day activity and function.

What should I expect from a Physiotherapy Visit?

How physiotherapists assess

A physiotherapist will assess you using detailed history-taking as well as specific physical tests and measures, such as flexibility or range of motion. He or she will then analyze the assessment findings and use clinical reasoning to establish a diagnosis. Together, you will explore your current abilities and functional needs so the physiotherapist can plan treatments that are consistent with your goals and general health status, and which incorporate approaches and techniques supported by the best evidence available.

How physiotherapists treat

Physiotherapy treatments can include the following:

  • Personalized exercise programs designed to improve your strength, range of motion, and function
  • Massage
  • Joint mobilization and manipulation to reduce pain and stiffness
  • Hot and cold packs and modalities to relieve pain, reduce swelling, speed up the healing process, improve movement and function
  • Airway clearance methods to assist people with breathing difficulties
  • Skin and wound care
  • Management of incontinence including pelvic floor re-education
  • Functional activity and tolerance testing and training
  • Work and occupational re-training and return to work planning
  • Prescription, fabrication and application of assistive, adaptive, supportive and protective devices and equipment
  • Environmental change, focusing on removing barriers to function

Thank you to for this article.

Contact us and get started to see how we at GTA REHAB can make your life better!

What is Physiotherapy?

The Canadian Physiotherapy Association (CPA), in consultation with CPA Branch Presidents and Division Chairs and regulatory and academic representatives, has updated the Description of Physiotherapy in Canada.

The Description defines what physiotherapy is, the methods physiotherapists use, and the purpose for physiotherapists’ action. ‘It is complementary to other documents that ground and guide physiotherapy practice such as the Essential Competency Profile for Physiotherapists in Canada (ACCPAP, Alliance, CPA & CCPUP, 2009) and the Entry-to- Practice Physiotherapy Curriculum: Content Guidelines for Canadian University Programs (CCPUP, CPA, Alliance & ACCPAP, 2009).

The Description outlines the definition of physiotherapy and identifies physiotherapy interventions, areas of practice, practice settings and education. This document is a valuable resource for physiotherapists in their discussions with other health professionals, health system leaders and the public.

Description of Physiotherapy in Canada 2012

What Services do Speech-Language Pathologists Provide?

Speech-language pathologists. expertise includes prevention, identification, evaluation, and treatment of congenital and acquired communication and swallowing disorders. Service is provided to patients/clients of all ages, in a variety of health care, education, and private settings. The following is an overview of the broad range of services offered by speech-language pathologists:

  • Assessment and treatment of language disorders to improve ability to understand spoken and written language, convey ideas verbally and in writing, and communicate in social situations
  • Assessment and treatment of cognitive communication disorders to improve the reasoning, problem solving, memory, and organization skills required to communicate effectively
  • Assessment and treatment of speech disorders to improve articulation (pronunciation) and to help those who stutter improve their fluency Assessment and treatment of voice disorders to improve vocal quality, pitch, and loudness
  • Assessment and treatment of swallowing disorders to ensure that patients/clients are on safe diets and not at increased risk for choking or food/liquid build-up in the lungs
  • Patient/client and caregiver counseling on communication and swallowing disorders, patient/client abilities and challenges, and strategies to improve function and help compensate for difficulties
  • Consultation with other professionals to provide comprehensive programs of care (e.g., audiologists, dietitians, nurses, occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists, psychologists, social workers, and teachers)
  • Clinical and academic research to investigate complex processes underlying human communication, explore the impact of various factors on communication and swallowing, and develop new approaches to treat people with communication and swallowing disorders.

Why Are Speech-Language Pathology Services Essential?

Often taken for granted, the ability to communicate effectively is essential to achieve and maintain quality of life. Speech, language and associated cognitive disorders can adversely affect academic performance, workforce integration, and social interaction. Treatments that speech-language pathologists are uniquely qualified to provide can help individuals with expressive and receptive language, articulation, fluency, voice, resonance and cognitive communication disorders (e.g., memory, organization, problem solving) reach their full communicative potential.

Also of concern, individuals with untreated swallowing disorders can find themselves at risk of dehydration, malnutrition, and pulmonary compromise. Speech-language pathologists are trained to provide therapies that lead to improved swallowing safety, function, and independence.

As a result, referral to speech-language pathology services ensures early identification and management of both communication and swallowing disorders, which in turn enables maximal social, academic, and vocational integration.


What is speech and language therapy?

Speech and language therapy is concerned with the management of disorders of speech, language, communication and swallowing in children and adults.


Speech and language therapists (SLTs) are allied health professionals. They work closely with parents, carers and other professionals, such as teachers, nurses, occupational therapists and doctors.

Speech and language therapists work in these areas:

  • community health centres
  • hospital wards
  • outpatient departments
  • mainstream and special schools
  • children’s centres
  • day centres
  • clients’ homes
  • courtrooms
  • prisons
  • young offenders’ institutions
  • independently/in private practice

Speech and language therapists work with:

Babies with

  • feeding and swallowing difficulties

Children with

  • mild, moderate or severe learning difficulties
  • physical disabilities
  • language delay
  • specific language impairment
  • specific difficulties in producing sounds
  • hearing impairment
  • cleft palate
  • stammering
  • autism/social interaction difficulties
  • dyslexia
  • voice disorders
  • selective mutism


Adults with

  • communication or eating and swallowing problems following neurological impairments and degenerative conditions, including stroke, head injury, Parkinson’s disease and dementia
  • head, neck or throat cancer
  • voice problems
  • mental health issues
  • learning difficulties
  • physical disabilities
  • stammering
  • hearing impairment


What is Occupational Therapy?

Occupational Therapy – As defined by the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists


Occupational therapy is the art and science of enabling engagement in everyday living, through occupation; of enabling people to perform the occupations that foster health and well-being; and of enabling a just and inclusive society so that all people may participate to their potential in the daily occupations of life (Townsend& Polatajko, 2007, p. 372).

Occupational therapists are highly trained health-care professionals. All entry-level university education programs for occupational therapists in Canada currently grant a Master’s level credential. Since 2008, all university education programs for occupational therapists must lead to a Master’s credential to be eligible for accreditation by CAOT.

Occupational therapists define an occupation as much more than a chosen career. Occupation refers to everything that people do during the course of everyday life.  Each of us have many occupations that are essential to our health and well-being.  Occupational therapists believe that occupations describe who you are and how you feel about yourself. A child, for example, might have occupations as a student, a playmate, a dancer and a table-setter.


Occupational therapists use a systematic approach based on evidence and professional reasoning to enable individuals, groups and communities to develop the means and opportunities to identify, engage in and improve their function in the occupations of life. The process involves assessment, intervention and evaluation of the client related to occupational performance in self-care, work, study, volunteerism and leisure. Occupational therapists may assume different roles such as advising  on health risks in the workplace, safe driving for older adults, and programs to promote mental health for youth. Occupational therapists also perform functions as manager, researcher, program developer or educator in addition to the direct delivery of professional services.

Practice Settings

Occupational therapists are generally employed in community agencies, health care organizations such as hospitals, chronic care facilities, rehabilitation centres and clinics, schools; social agencies industry or are self-employed. Some occupational therapists specialize in working with a specific age group or disability such as arthritis, developmental coordination disorder, mental illness, or spinal cord injury.

Why GTA Rehab Solutions?

Home Care is such an integral part of healthcare that we have taken that extra step to bring the leading health care providing fields and made them available for your service when and where you need it the most.

From back pain that makes it difficult for a client to go to a clinic to a severe stoke or other neurological condition that makes travelling to go to clinic set up really difficult, we fill in that huge gap that exist in our healthcare today in Ontario. We help clients that are in their own homes, long term care homes or even nursing home.

If you feel that the care that you are getting from government funded services is not enough then we can help to maximize your recovering by adding our professionals to your care.

We offer only the best healthcare providers in all these specialized fields that are current and registered with their own regulatory bodies in Ontario.

So if you need any of our services please contact us and we will be glad to let you know how we can work together to achieve the best for you or your loved one.

Contact us now and see how our interdisciplinary team helps you improve and get better faster than you ever imagined.

Strength Training

Strength training is vital to our quality of life for numerous reasons…

– It enables us to do activities we love for a longer time period!

– It allows us to keep us with our kids!

– It helps us prevent injury.

– It helps regulate our weight – more muscle on your frame = more calories burned at rest ( a higher metabolism!)

Generally we all know this – it is not news, however if you are like me, I sometimes struggle to find blocks of time in which to do a full strength training workout.  Therefore in the last few years I have become quite good at fitting it into my life – into the nooks and crannies of my day.

I try to start out with a plan at the beginning of  a new week.  I have a calendar that is used only as my work-out calendar.  I will write down what I want to achieve each day of that week or even 2-3 days of that week.

For example:

Monday – lower body weight workout including squats, lunges and heel raises.  4 sets of 12 reps each.  Also will do abdominal/core exercises.

Tuesday – Upper body workout including push-ups, bicep curls, shoulder exercises and rowing(back).

Wednesday – rest

Thursday – same as Monday

Friday – same as Tuesday.

I try to mix it up the following week so my body doesn’t get too familiar with the workouts and I will more likely see results – we can talk about that in another blog post.

Going back to fitting it in – so now you have a plan.  Think about how your days will go to figure out where you can fit it in.  I know this may sound tedious at first but you will become very good at knowing you can fit a whole workout in your day without feeling like you had to set aside a chunk of time.  The result will be you, being able to exercise more and being fitter and healthier!

Think about your morning – are you always rushing off to work?  There are likely a couple of spots in which you can fit a set of squats.  These are very easy to do just about anywhere.  In the morning, because your body is just getting going do some easy 1/2 squats – this will wake up your legs and get your circulation going to help push you into your day with energy.  When you are getting your breakfast prepared, do 1-2 sets of 10-12  1/2 squats.  I like to do my squats on a 2-count.  2 seconds down, 2 up!     There you go 2 sets already done!   You can also do them when you are brushing your teeth!

At work you can do 1-2 sets in the washroom.  You can do a set or 2 of lunges in the elevator or the stairwell if you want to do them privately.  You could share your plan with your co-workers and they can do the exercise with you!!??

Sometimes in the rush of our day we will forget, so I honestly have sticky notes around my house and sometimes at work with the words ‘abs’ or ‘squats’ to remind me.

Once home you can do heel raises or lunges while preparing your dinner.

One of the best places is the playground- a lot of parents utilize playgrounds these days to fit in their own exercise!  My husband and I often do our upper body workouts when my son is playing.  My husband does chin-ups and I try some push-ups using the equipment at an angle or assisted chin-ups with a lower monkey bar!  Make sure you warm up with arm circles and stretches!

Your day is almost done so fit in the last few sets, if you have any left to do, while you are brushing teeth or your kids are getting into their jammies!

If you are watching a movie in the evening – this is an awesome time to fit in any sets you didn’t get done during the day!

Once you feel strong enough to increase your weight  – have weights around your house.  I have my 10 lbs dumbbells in our family room so that if my son is playing or drawing/doing a craft I can play with him and get up periodically to do sets of exercise.  This will also help when you are doing upper body as you need a bit of resistance for bicep curls, rowing and shoulder exercise.   If you don’t want dumbbells around your house invest in some stretchy resistance tubing – it is easy to hide away when you have guests!

It is very important a person uses the proper technique for whatever exercise they are doing so here is a quick review of squats and lunges.


When teaching a person how to do squats – especially if you are not familiar with them I often tell a person to practice with a chair behind them so they can reach for the chair with their buttocks and have arms out in front or by your side if you are holding a weight.   To activate the quadriceps and glutes in the manner I would like to achieve stronger legs and glutes it is best to squat so your knees don’t go past your toes (see picture).  There is a lot of talk in exercise articles about squatting techniques – generally we do squat often throughout our day without worrying about the “knees over toes” rule.  However if you squat properly when you are trying to strengthen and adding weight to your squat you will most likely avoid creating knee problems and have nice strong legs and glutes!


In doing lunges have your legs in a walk stance and then spread a bit farther apart – when I look at how far apart my feet are and then spread my arms out directly above and parallel to my legs, my feet are placed about where my wrists are – if that makes sense!!

Once you have attained the proper stance lower your body, don’t lean forward or move your hips forward just lower your body.  It might feel awkward but you will feel both legs working not just the front leg!  Again your front knee should not go past your toes!  Lower your body until your front knee is at 90 degrees.  You do not need your back knee to touch the floor.  Raise your body – that is 1 repetition.

In the blog posts to come we will explain proper techniques for numerous exercises but in the mean time please feel free to come in and see us to create or review your exercise program and help you succeed in becoming a stronger and fitter you!

Physiotherapy and Osteoarthritis

Arthritis is one of Canada’s most common chronic conditions and is a leading cause of pain, physical disability and use of health care services (Arthritis in Canada Report).  Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis, affecting an estimated 10% of Canadian adults.  Osteoarthritis results from the deterioration of the cartilage in one or more joints.    This deterioration leads to joint damage, pain, and stiffness.  Unfortunately, there is no cure for OA. Treatments exist to decrease pain and improve mobility, and include medication (e.g. analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs), exercise, physiotherapy and weight loss.   In severe cases, the entire joint – particularly the hip or knee – may be replaced through surgery.   Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat osteoarthritis.  Unfortunately, these medications can be harmful to your stomach and you should talk to your doctor for more information.

Fortunately, a Physiotherapist can help.  Physiotherapists are university trained health professionals that treat a variety of musculoskeletal injuries/conditions.  Physiotherapists have advanced understanding of how the body moves, what keeps it from moving well and how to restore mobility.  Physiotherapist’s treat osteoarthritis of the knee through a variety of methods including specific exercises to strengthen the knee and leg, mobilizations of the knee and surrounding joints, pain-relieving modalities such as interferential current, acupuncture etc.

There has been recent scientific evidence to support the use of physiotherapy for people with osteoarthritis of the knee.  The study consisted of 83 men and women with knee pain and osteoarthritis that were randomly allocated into two groups.  Patients in group 1 received manual therapy/mobilizations of the knee and specific exercises all provided by a Physiotherapist.  Group 2 received placebo ultrasound of the knee.  All patients in each group attended 2 times per week for a total of 4 weeks.

After 1 month, 2 months and 1 year, the physiotherapy group had significant improvements in their knee pain and walking tolerance as compared to the placebo group.  Also, 20 % of the patients in the placebo group had to undergo a total knee replacement (8 of them) as compared to 5 % of the patients in the physiotherapy group (2 of them).

Therefore, only 4 weeks of manual Physiotherapy and a supervised exercise program by a Physiotherapist may delay or prevent the need for a knee replacement.

You can see a physiotherapist at either a hospital or private practice.  Physiotherapy is a direct access profession therefore a doctor’s referral is not required.  However, some insurance companies may ask for a doctor’s referral in order for you to be reimbursed.